What is Cerebral Palsy Quadriplegia?
Cerebral palsy quadriplegia is the most severe form of cerebral palsy. Both arms and both legs of these patients are paralyzed, and the trunk of the body also is affected. The arms are more impaired than the legs. The condition gets its name from quad—meaning four, i.e., the four quadrants of the body being involved, and plegia—meaning paralyzed.
Spastic quadriplegia is a result of extensive brain damage or malformation. Mental retardation is more common in these patients than in patients with other forms of cerebral palsy. Patients with spastic quadriplegia commonly:
- Are moderately to severely mentally retarded
- Have very stiff limbs
- Have a floppy neck
- Have trouble speaking or being understood
- Cannot walk
- Have trouble swallowing
- Have frequent, uncontrolled seizures
Pathophysiology of Cerebral Palsy Quadriplegia
The brains of patients with cerebral palsy quadriplegia are severely damaged. Quadriplegia often occurs when the developing brain is deprived of oxygen. This can result from rupture of the uterus, an impaired umbilical cord, restriction of oxygen to the placenta, and extreme low blood pressure in the mother.
One kind of damage to the white matter of the brain occurs when tiny holes form in the tissue. Called periventricular leukomalacia or PVL, the condition prevents the transmission of nerve signals both within the brain and to the body.
PVL affects the transmission of nerve signals to the muscles, which are supposed to be stimulated by the signals, and therefore affects movement. The white matter of the fetus' brain is especially vulnerable to damage between the 26th and 34th of pregnancy.
If you are a loved one is suffering from quadriplegia due to cerebral palsy, don't hesitate to contact our cerebral palsy lawyers today.